Sadharani - A site dedicated to Indian Classical Music, Veena and Dhrupad. Sadharani - A site dedicated to Indian Classical Music, Veena and Dhrupad.
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Dhrupad

It is widely believed that our music originated from the times of the Vedas. Initially, music was confined to just the recitation of the Vedas. It started off as a method of recitation during the Rig Vedic period with one, three and five notes. It evolved over a period of time, and music attained a high level of proficiency during the Sama Vedic period by which time, all seven notes of the octave were in place. Sama Veda was recited to 7 notes, and each syllable / solfa was extended like a bol-alap. It is also believed that Sama Gaana scale was the currently prevalent Raga Kharaharapriya.

Even though there were earlier regional forms of Dravidian music, the first systematic study and evolution of music started with the Vedas. Today, all forms of our classical music – both Hindustani and Carnatic – trace their origin to the Sama Veda. However, as music started evolving over the centuries, there were certain regional flavors which entered into the music at different parts of the country. Also, since a large part of the North India was under Persian / Arabic influence for a long period of time, there were certain changes in the music of the North – especially in the “padas”. There were also certain instruments which came along with the Persians like Sehtar, Rabab etc. Music essentially was the same as even renowned singers like Tansen, Baiju Nayak, Baiju Bawra were all accomplished Dhrupad singers.

Dhrupad is one of the most ancient forms of music, which was widely prevalent all over India – including the South. In fact, the renowned musician and composer of the South Shri Muthuswamy Dikshitar was a very accomplished Dhrupad singer and a Veena player. Hence many of his compositions are styled along the lines of traditional Dhrupad compositions.

All this goes to show that the Music of India is essentially the same across the length and breadth of the country – only the style of rendition is different with some regional cultural influence.

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