Sadharani - A site dedicated to Indian Classical Music, Veena and Dhrupad. Sadharani - A site dedicated to Indian Classical Music, Veena and Dhrupad.
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Veena

Among the Indian instruments, Veena is one of the most revered and ancient instruments. There is reference to Veena from Vedic times where, it is said that during the “Yagnas”, when the shlokas were being recited, the wife of the head priest accompanied him on the Veena. There have been many forms of Veena over the time like Mahati, Kinnari etc. As music evolved over time, instruments too evolved to keep up with the music. Currently, Rudra Veena and Saraswati Veena are two of the most popular Veenas.

The original name for Saraswati Veena was Kacchapi Veena – meaning the main resonator was in the shape of a tortoise back. Saraswati Veena traces its name to the acclaimed painting of the great artist Raja Ravi Verma. Saraswati Veena as we see today traces its origin to a great musician and musicologist of the South called Ramamatya. The Veena was further evolved and perfected along with the current shape and with 24 frets fixed in was (earlier there were 16 – 18 movable frets) by a court minister and musician in Thanjavur – Shri Govinda Dikshitar.

Chandra Veena is an attempt to bring out the best of Rudra Veena and Saraswati Veena in a single instrument. This instrument has been based on Saraswati Veena but designed by me, based on acoustic principles of Musical Instruments, and the needs of Dhrupad. This involves more sustain and resonance, better bass response, wider frets for deflecting more notes in a phrase etc.

Thus we see that that the structure and form of the instrument keeps evolving and changing over the ages.

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